Oaten hay is hay made from the oat plant, specifically from the Avena sativa species. It's cut and harvested before the oat reaches its full maturity, which means before the seed fully develops. Here's a breakdown of oaten hay:
Appearance and Texture: Oaten hay typically has a pale green to light yellow color. The stalks are thicker than some other types of hay, like timothy or meadow hay, and it often has a slightly softer feel.
Nutritional Value: Oaten hay is moderate to high in fiber, depending on when it's harvested. It also provides good protein content and is lower in calcium compared to legume hays like alfalfa (lucerne). This makes it a suitable option for many animals, including horses, cattle, and small animals like rabbits and guinea pigs.
- Digestibility: Oaten hay's fiber content aids in digestion and is beneficial for animals that require bulk in their diet.
- Dental Health for Small Pets: The coarse nature of oaten hay promotes dental health in animals like rabbits and guinea pigs by helping to wear down their constantly growing teeth.
- Lower in Sugars: Compared to some other grass hays, oaten hay typically has a lower sugar content, making it beneficial for animals that need a lower glycemic diet.
Use: While oaten hay is commonly used as fodder for livestock, especially in Australia, it's also a favorite among owners of small herbivores, such as rabbits, guinea pigs, and chinchillas. It provides a good balance of nutrients and can be mixed with other hays to provide a varied diet for these animals.
Storage: Like all hay types, oaten hay should be stored in a cool, dry place, away from direct sunlight to preserve its nutritional content. It should also be kept off the ground to avoid moisture, which can lead to mold.
In summary, oaten hay is a versatile and nutritionally balanced option for many animals. It offers the benefits of fiber and protein, along with essential nutrients, and can be an excellent part of a balanced diet for both livestock and small pets.