Can Rabbits eat Lucerne hay?

Rabbit blog post

Can Rabbits Eat Lucerne Hay?

When it comes to providing a healthy and balanced diet for your rabbits, hay is an essential component. While there are various types of hay available, one popular option is lucerne hay, also known as alfalfa hay. In this article, we will explore whether lucerne hay is suitable for rabbits and its potential benefits and considerations.

Field of lucerne hay
A field of lucerne growing at Central Victoria Hay. 

What is Lucerne Hay?

Lucerne hay is derived from the lucerne plant (Medicago sativa) and is widely cultivated for animal feed. It is highly nutritious and contains an abundance of vitamins, minerals, and proteins. Lucerne hay is known for its leafy texture and rich green color, making it visually appealing to both rabbits and their owners.

Nutritional Benefits of Lucerne Hay for Rabbits

Lucerne hay offers several nutritional benefits for rabbits:

  • High Protein Content: Protein is essential for the growth and maintenance of a rabbit's body. Lucerne hay is known for its relatively high protein content, which can support muscle development and overall health in rabbits.

  • Rich in Vitamins and Minerals: Lucerne hay is packed with vitamins and minerals that are beneficial for rabbits. It contains vitamins A, B, C, D, E, and K, as well as minerals like calcium, potassium, and phosphorus. These nutrients contribute to a rabbit's overall well-being and support various bodily functions.

  • Dental Health Maintenance: Chewing on hay promotes good dental health in rabbits by wearing down their constantly growing teeth. The fibrous texture of lucerne hay helps to maintain proper dental wear and prevent dental problems such as overgrown teeth or malocclusion.

Considerations for Feeding Lucerne Hay to Rabbits

While lucerne hay offers many benefits, there are a few considerations to keep in mind:

  • High Calcium Content: Lucerne hay has a higher calcium content compared to other types of hay. While calcium is necessary for rabbits, excessive amounts can lead to health issues such as bladder stones. It is important to monitor the calcium intake of your rabbits and provide a balanced diet that includes other types of hay and fresh vegetables.

  • Suitable for Younger Rabbits: Due to its high protein and calcium content, lucerne hay is particularly suitable for young rabbits up to about seven months old. The additional nutrients can support their growth and development during this critical stage. However, it is recommended to gradually transition older rabbits to other types of hay as they mature.

  • Moderation for Adult Rabbits: For adult rabbits, lucerne hay should be fed in moderation as a treat or occasional supplement to their diet. A diet primarily consisting of grass hay, such as oaten hay or timothy hay, is generally more suitable for adult rabbits to maintain a healthy weight and prevent digestive issues.


In summary, lucerne hay can be a nutritious and beneficial addition to a rabbit's diet, especially for young rabbits. Its high protein content, abundance of vitamins and minerals, and positive impact on dental health make it a popular choice among rabbit owners.

However, it's essential to balance its consumption with other types of hay and monitor calcium intake for the overall well-being of your rabbits.

Remember, every rabbit is unique, and it's always a good idea to consult with a veterinarian for personalized advice on your rabbit's dietary needs.

For more information on rabbit nutrition and hay selection, check out our related articles:

Provide your rabbits with a balanced diet and watch them thrive with good health and vitality!

Note: This article is for informational purposes only and should not replace professional veterinary advice.

FAQ - Can Rabbits Eat Lucerne Hay?

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